The Front-end Developer Roadmap 2022 (2023)

To develop a client-side application, front-end developers use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

In an online application, the client-side is the visual aspects of the application as well as the way the user interacts with it when an application is opened such as colors, fonts, buttons, navigations, animations, etc.

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An application's user interface is part of the front-end development process.

Front-end development is everything a user sees and interacts with when visiting a website, such as a login or sign-up page, homepage, contact page, etc.

Developing a website or web application's interface is the responsibility of a front-end developer.

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are web technologies they use to build client-side applications.

Front-end development today is more advanced than HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

This year, if you want to excel as a front-end developer you will need to learn a lot of web technologies.

You will learn all you need to know about front-end development in 2022 from this article.

Understanding Terminal Usage (Command line)

You can access the underlying operating system via the terminal which executes text commands.

No matter what their area of specialization, developers need to know how to use the terminal.

To learn more about how to use the command line, I highly suggest you study more about it.

Your front-end development skills will improve the more you use the command line.

Learn command line with these resources:

Github

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A code hosting platform for software development, GitHub is a popular choice.

(Video) Frontend Developer Roadmap 2022 (8 Steps)

Team members can collaborate on projects using GitHub and version control is also possible.

A project can be collaboratively worked on through GitHub.

Team members are building a web application and each has a task that needs to be updated every day.

In this case, Github is used to create a centralized repository where team members can update or manage each other's code.

The Git version control system

A version control system like Git allows developers to track project changes.

It also facilitates collaboration among developers. To avoid code conflicts among developers, Git is required.

You can learn Git from the following resources:

An integrated development environment (IDE) or text editor

Your code will be written in a text editor. Selecting the right text editor can help you become more productive.

Here are a few IDEs to consider:

  • Sublime text runs on macOS, Windows, and Linux. The software is quick, easy, and flexible.
  • With Atom you can edit code for macOS, Linux, and Windows with plugins. It was developed by Github.
  • IDEs for front-end development such as Visual Studio Code is the best. You can use it with any operating system including Linux, macOS, and Windows. Linux. With a lot of extensions built into Visual Studio Code, front-end developers can improve their productivity.

Fundamentals of Web Design

Taking an interest in any technology requires an understanding of how the web works. Here is a list of some things you should learn:

Learn HTML

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The HTML is used to build web pages and is also a basic building block of the internet.

HTML is an easy language to learn and understand. It can be used to create a simple website.

It is important to learn HTML basics, such as:

  • HTML elements determine how content is displayed and formatted by web browsers.
  • Using the <i> tag, the content will be displayed in italics while using the <strong> tag it will be displayed in bold.
  • HTML attributes describe specific HTML elements in more detail. As an example, when the tag is used to embed an image in a webpage, its src attribute defines the location of the image.
  • The HTML layout defines the ways that content can be displayed on a website. HTML elements such as <header><nav><section><article><footer> should be used since they provide a clear description of the element to the browser and the developer.
  • Titles and subtitles on your web pages are displayed using HTML headings. It consists of one <h1> heading that is the most important and one <h2> that is the least important.
  • HTML structures are utilized to gather information data sources, for example, username, email, and contact subtleties.

Here are some resources to learn HTML:

(Video) How to Become a Frontend Developer in 2022 (Full Roadmap)

Learn CSS

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CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. It is the technology to learn after HTML.

It is used for styling our HTML. For example, we can use CSS to space our content, colors, fonts, etc.

  • CSS grids consist of two dimensions - rows and columns. A CSS grid allows an internet page to be shaped without having to use floats.
  • CSS Flexbox allows us to choose whether to layout or structure a web page using a row or a column. The CSS flexbox also offers greater flexibility in structuring web pages without the need to use floats.
  • Media queries and responsive design are concepts used to design and build websites that adapt to the user's environment, regardless of their device or screen size. The concept of responsive design is very significant, and every developer should keep it in mind when developing web applications. When you are customizing an application for a type of device, such as a desktop, tablet, or smartphone, media queries can be useful.
  • Content, margin, border, and padding comprise the CSS box model.
  • By using CSS positioning, elements are manipulated in many different ways, including fixed, relative, absolute, static, sticky, etc.

Preprocessor for CSS

  • CSS Less is a backward-compatible extension of the Leaner Style Sheet language.
  • Documentation indicates that Sass is a language for writing stylesheets that compiles into CSS. All of these features are available in a fully CSS-compatible syntax, including variables, nested rules, mixins, functions, and more. Sass facilitates the organization of large stylesheets and ensures that designs can be shared across projects.

The CSS Framework

  • With Foundation, you can easily design responsive websites and mobile apps for any device.
  • Bulma is a CSS framework that uses a flexbox layout.
  • This framework allows us to customize user interfaces quickly, using inline styling and without writing a single line of CSS.
  • Our websites run quickly and are responsive thanks to Bootstrap

Here are some resources to learn more about CSS:

Learn JavaScript

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One of the most popular programming languages in the world is JavaScript.

It is the language of the web. It gives us the ability to create dynamic content.

As a front-end developer, you should learn JavaScript.

JavaScript dynamically makes your website alive by integrating the HTML structure and CSS styling.

Here is the basic information about JavaScript you need to learn:

  • W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) standard defines DOM as a platform- and language-agnostic interface that enables programs and scripts to dynamically access and update document content, structure, and style. By modifying the DOM, JavaScript can update the content, the style, remove elements, and add other elements to the web page.
  • There are specific rules for how every programming language works. In JavaScript, the syntax is what determines how a program is written by a programmer and interpreted by a browser.
  • API allows two applications to communicate with each other. If you are a front-end developer, chances are you are going to have to deal with external data that is provided by third-party APIs. The fetch API enables browsers to perform HTTP requests to a web server.

JavaScript Frameworks

You can pick any JavaScript framework after you learn the basics of JavaScript. However, I highly recommend Vuejs since it is easier to get started with than others.

  • Svelte is a different way to build web applications. It helps developers build faster pages with a great user interface.
  • The Ember framework facilitates the creation of a scalable single-page application. It offers everything you need for building a rich, multi-platform UI.
  • Unlike React, PREACT offers the same modern API, a Fast 3kB codebase, and an alternative to React.
  • According to the documentation, React is a JavaScript library for building user interfaces and can be used to create reusable components.
  • With Vuejs, you can develop a maintainable and testable codebase that is user-friendly, versatile, and performant.
  • Angular is a framework and development platform that facilitates building efficient and sophisticated single-page applications.

Here are some resources to learn more about Javascript:

Package managers

You should familiarize yourself with one of the package managers, such as NPM and Yarn, to install, update, configure, and manage software packages and dependencies.

Accessibility

Developing accessible websites is an essential part of front-end development.

As a front-end developer, you must build pages that are accessible to everybody.

By creating an accessible website, you can make all information available to everyone, whether they have disabilities, slow networks, visual impairments, or hearing impairments.

Here are some resources to learn more about Accessibility:

Performance

A good website/web application should have a fast page rendering rate, one of the metrics of good web performance.

Web performance refers to how fast it can be rendered in the browser and how responsive it is to user input.

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The best way to improve the user experience is to adopt different web optimization techniques, including using Content Delivery Networks (CDNs).

These are strategically distributed servers that deliver content based on location to users.

To reduce image sizes without sacrificing quality, use tools like image optic to compress images.

Other methods to adopt include:

  • Asynchronously load CSS and JavaScript files. This way, the browser won't wait for any elements that take a long time to load. It will continue to have other elements.
  • Get rid of junk and unusable codes in your JavaScript and CSS files.
  • Using a cache increases site performance and improves the overall experience for users. The idea of a cache is to save data and web pages temporarily to improve performance. Cached data can be retrieved and also it can be saved on local storage.
  • Make sure that your application only makes a limited amount of HTTP requests.

You can use any of the following tools to obtain performance data for your web application:

Application Testing

During software development, testing involves scanning a piece of software to find potential defects.

During testing, a test is performed on a piece of software with an expected outcome.

Security, functionality, and ease of use are some of the things to test in an application.

In testing, we can obtain information about how a piece of software will behave under diverse conditions, but we cannot guarantee it will be functional in all circumstances.

In your application, you might want to try out Jest, which is a framework for creating and running JavaScript tests for applications created with Nodejs, Angular, React, Vue, and TypeScript.

Over the years, this test tool has grown in popularity and has become one of the most commonly used.

You can also try the following tools and frameworks:

  • Puppeteer
  • Jasmine
  • Mocha

Implementation of the website

You can create simple web pages using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, based on the knowledge that you have gained from those technologies.

However, most of the time after building it, it remains on our computers or Github repositories, and no one can see it.

The good thing about web deployment is you can host your application online. It is simple to do. You can use tools like Netlify or GitHub pages.

Finally, we've reached the end of the front-end development roadmap for 2022.

(Video) The Complete Front-End Developer Roadmap 2023

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With the skills you've learned from this guide, you can easily build real-time web applications. I hope things will turn out fine.

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FAQs

Is Front End Developer a good career 2022? ›

They integrate all the different elements of a website and create an environment that users can easily interact with. No wonder front end developers are so important and so much in demand. Because of these reasons, front end developer salary in India is never slowing down.

Is web development still in demand 2022? ›

The short answer is yes, web development is still an excellent career choice. Let's take an in-depth look at web development and what makes it such an appealing career option for 2022.

Can I become a front end developer in 3 months? ›

It doesn't matter if you have some experience, limited experience, or no experience at all; you can become a front end developer within six months.

Is there a shortage of front-end developers? ›

Skilled and qualified front-end developers are still very much in demand. Many individuals think that they are not due to oversaturation in the job market along with the profession evolving over the past decade.

Is Front End Dev easier? ›

There's a general perception that front-end developers have it easier than their back-end colleagues. This might be true on a beginner level. In reality, however, mastering either of these two sides of web development requires a lot of hard work and patience. Fortunately, it's very much worth it in the end.

Is there a future for front-end developer? ›

Front-end developers are becoming more and more interested in next-generation technologies that make their jobs easier and websites more responsive. HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript are still the most important parts of front-end web development, though. So you can't undervalue how important they are.

What is the maximum salary of front-end developer? ›

Highest salary that a Front end Developer can earn is ₹12.4 Lakhs per year (₹1.0L per month). How does Front end Developer Salary in India change with experience? An Entry Level Front end Developer with less than three years of experience earns an average salary of ₹4.5 Lakhs per year.

Who gets paid more front-end or back end developers? ›

According to Indeed, a mid-level Front end developer makes around $106,553 per year, while a Back end specialist ─ $122,768. The average Front end engineer salary in the US, according to PayScale, is $74,432 per annum.

Is it worth learning HTML and CSS in 2022? ›

HTML and CSS are relatively 'old' coding languages. However, they are still highly relevant for coders in 2022. Knowledge of HTML and CSS not only helps professional programmers, but also helps individuals in a variety of professions by giving them basic web page development knowledge.

Is backend easier than front end? ›

No, but some people may find it easier than back-end development. Front-end developers need strong coding skills, but back-end development takes more advanced technical expertise.

Will AI take over web development? ›

People will still need to plan, maintain, and update websites even if they're mostly designed by machines. The truth is that web design is a creative process, and no amount of AI can replace human creativity. After all, people still need to plan, maintain and update websites even if they're mostly designed by machines.

Can I become developer at the age of 30? ›

Can a 30-year-old who has never worked before become a software developer? Nope! All software engineers are child prodigies - they were programming before they could walk. There hasn't been a person in more than 100 years who has managed to learn programming after the age of 10.

Can I become a developer at 40? ›

There is no age limit to be a programmer, it just depends on your skills and abilities to coding and innovate something new. As we know experience is also important. In every company, most of the employees are experienced and the companies also prefer experienced people in their team.

Is it too late to become 30 developer? ›

Whichever path you choose, it's certainly possible to become a Software Developer at 30 years old, 40 years old, 50 years old and beyond.

What developer is in demand 2022? ›

The widespread use of this programming language, including web and mobile application development and modern technologies such as big data, IoT (Internet of Things), blockchain, and artificial intelligence (AI), makes it all the more worth looking for employment as a Java developer in 2022.

Is there a future for front end developer? ›

Front-end developers are becoming more and more interested in next-generation technologies that make their jobs easier and websites more responsive. HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript are still the most important parts of front-end web development, though. So you can't undervalue how important they are.

How do you become a developer in 2022? ›

Common Steps to Becoming a Web Developer
  1. Earn a Bachelor's Degree in Computer Science or a Related Field.
  2. Gain Relevant Skills.
  3. Get Your First Job as a Web Developer.
  4. Consider a Master's Degree.
  5. Entry-Level Web Developer.
  6. Full Stack Web Developer.
  7. Front-End Web Developer.

What is the next step for front end developer? ›

After you get a few years of experience under your belt, you will be ready to progress to a more senior role on your web development team. Senior front end developers oversee a team of junior developers, cooperate closely with developers on the back end team, and provide high-level input on coding projects.

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